– claims constitutional rights being violated; employees not unionisedOne month after the Special Purpose Unit (SPU), which falls under the National Industrial and Commercial Investments Limited (NICIL), first announced that some 100 cane harvesters were re-hired to work in the fields at the Rose Hall Estate, allegations of exploitation of employees are being levelled against the State body.The accusations were detailed by People’s Progressive Party (PPP) Parliamentarian and former Attorney General (AG) Anil Nandlall, who, on Thursday, opined that workers are operating under unconstitutional arrangements.Responding to an advertisement by NICIL/SPU inviting expressions of interest for the “contracting of farmers for planting, crop husbandry, and harvesting” at theRose Hall EstateSkeldon, Rose Hall and Enmore estates, Nandall claimed this arrangement makes plain that the SPU wants “no dealings with any trade union”. He observed that this is against constitution provisions in Article 147 of the document.“There is an emphatic insistence that these workers must not be part of, or belong to, any trade union. This is clearly unconstitutional and in violation of the protection accorded to workers by Article 147 of the Constitution, which guarantees protection of freedom of assembly and association. This Article provides that “no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his or her freedom of assembly, association…and in particular, to form or belong to political parties, trade unions or other associations for the protection of his or her interests,” he stressed in a lengthy statement.He pointed out that the SPU posited that workers who are to be employed must be employed by the private cane farmers, who must be responsible for their NIS and GRA payments, health benefits, insurance, transportation to and from work, and every other amenity. This, he reasoned, suggests that the SPU and the closed estates’ predecessor, the Guyana Sugar Corporation (GuySuCo), “intend to further trample upon trade unionism and the rights and interests of workers to be represented by a trade union of their choice. “This is certainly a retrograde step in industrial and labour relations in our country. The right of workers to be represented by a union of their choice is a right that was struggled for and won after decades of activism by thousands. The sugar workers in particular, led by Dr Cheddi Jagan, held some of the longest strikes in the English-speaking Caribbean before their union, GAWU, was allowed to represent them,” the senior PPP member expressed.“All of these tremendous advances are now being eroded by what I can only describe as another act of authoritarianism reminiscent of the dark days of the [Forbes] Burnham dictatorship,” he stressed, referencing the period when the late leader reigned from 1964 to his death in 1985 under the People’s National Congress (PNC) Government.Nandlall also stressed that under the PPP/C rule, the Guyana Trades Union Recognition Act was enacted, facilitating workers’ representation by a union of their choice. He noted that that right forms part of International Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions to which Guyana is a signatory.He highlighted that the incentive schemes under which workers benefited, such as the Annual Production Incentive (API), will [not] be available, because no cane farmer will have the financial capacity to finance them.“The whole scheme is exploitative, is cruel and degrading to the workers. GuySuco and the SPU know the workers are vulnerable and desperate; they know the workers and their families are on the bread line; they know the workers are battling for their very survival, so they unleashed this vicious scheme to exploit them and deny them their dignity and human rights. It is a sad human rights tragedy,” he noted.In December 2017, some 4000 workers from Skeldon, Enmore and Rose Hall Sugar estates were placed on the breadline after Government, through GuySuCo, opted to downsize the industry.Additionally, in another cost-cutting move, the Wales Estate was shuttered in December 2016, displacing more than 1000 workers at that entity.
De Boer could face the sack this week but the former Inter Milan and Ajax coach insisted his sole focus remains getting his side to build on an improved display.“I am just focusing on what I can control and so are my staff and my players,” he said.“The future is for other people to decide but while I’m the manager of Crystal Palace I will give 100 per cent.“We have to reward ourselves and we didn’t do that today. I am disappointed about the result but I am not disappointed about how we played.”Benitez was forced to miss Newcastle’s trip to south Wales while he recovered from an infection, but they made light of his absence.The 57-year-old Spaniard had an operation on Monday to address an infection resulting from an earlier hernia operation and was unable to recover in time to travel with his squad.Lascelles boosted the former Liverpool manager’s spirits with his headed winner in the closing stages at the Liberty Stadium.Newcastle’s second win lifted them into mid-table, providing Benitez with hope they can avoid relegation despite their lack of top-class signings since last season’s promotion.Newcastle assistant manager Francisco de Miguel Moreno said: “Rafa wanted to come and wanted to do everything he could to attend but the weather conditions were not the best.“He has been active in the game and kept in touch with us throughout the game.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Crystal Palace’s manager Frank de Boer (R) signals during an English Premier League football match against Burnley on September 10, 2017 © AFP / Paul ELLISLONDON, United Kingdom, Sep 10 – Frank de Boer vowed to fight for his future after a 1-0 defeat at Burnley piled pressure on the Crystal Palace manager, while Newcastle gave ailing boss Rafael Benitez a boost with their 1-0 win at Swansea.Palace have now lost all four league matches under De Boer after an awful back-pass from winger Lee Chung-Yong gifted Chris Wood a home debut goal in the third minute at Turf Moor.
0Shares0000Manchester United fan for the time being – Liverpool midfielder James Milner © AFP / PATRICIA DE MELO MOREIRALONDON, United Kingdom, Apr 22 – James Milner has said he will become a Manchester United fan for the first time in the hope they can aid Liverpool’s bid to win the Premier League title.The versatile veteran has played for three of United’s fiercest rivals — Leeds, Manchester City and Liverpool — in the course of a 17-year career and more than 600 senior matches. But the 33-year-old former England international would be delighted if United did Liverpool a favour in the Manchester derby at Old Trafford.Wednesday’s match is City’s game in hand over leaders Liverpool and victory would see the reigning champions go one point clear at the summit with three matches remaining.“First time in my life,” Milner said when asked about his support for United this week.“But I won’t be watching. It’s a bit of a waste of energy, willing the ball in the other goal.”Liverpool have not won the domestic title in the Premier League era and were last crowned champions of England when they lifted the old First Division trophy back in 1990.But they maintained their effort to end that barren run with a 2-0 win away to Cardiff on Sunday secured by Milner’s late penalty — his seventh goal this season.– ‘Not easy’ –Liverpool complete their league campaign with home games against Huddersfield, who have already been relegated, and Wolves either side of a trip to a Newcastle team managed by former Reds boss Rafael Benitez.City, meanwhile have away game against United, Burnley and Brighton as well as a match at home to Leicester.“There’s three games left after that (United),” said Milner of City’s finish to the league season.“People think United is a challenge, but it’s not the only one.“It’s an old cliche, but the Premier League is tough — whoever you play, teams battling at the bottom.“Go back to QPR (when Milner won the title at Man City on the final day) and it’s not easy when you’re playing to win a league title.”Liverpool already have 88 points yet their final tally might still not be enough to bring the Premier League trophy to Anfield.“We just need to win the rest of our games,” said Milner. “If we do that and it’s not good enough then you have to hold your hands up and say ‘well done City’.“They are a top team, they have done it before and are grinding it out.“It’s frustrating to think we’ve had one defeat all year and it might not be enough.“But all we can do is win the rest of our games and put them under pressure.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
WAT ABOUT THAT 2 Brendan Rodgers is facing a defensive crisis ahead of Celtic’s Champions League qualifier against Rosenborg, which will take place on Wednesday. Kristoffer Ajer and Jack Hendry are the only two recognised centre-backs fit enough for the match. (Sunday Herald)Aberdeen goalkeeper Joe Lewis believes Dons can beat Burnley when the two sides clash in the Europa League qualifiers on Thursday. (Scottish Sun) Liverpool starlet set to join Rangers and replace flop summer signing Top stories in Scottish football Docherty will not be heading south of the border this summer LANGUAGE BARRIER Edinburgh derby: Three men charged following fan trouble during fiery clash scrap Rangers team up with hummel UK to launch eco-friendly ZEROH2O kit Gerrard launches furious touchline outburst as horror tackle on Barisic sparks chaos Defoe feels blessed at ‘amazing’ Rangers, reveals Gazza conversation McCoist tells funny Rangers story about Gazza and new Napoli boss Gattuso decision NOT HAPPY NO PLACE ‘I think it’s careless’ – Gerrard takes aim at Scotland for Jack injury A FIGHTER Taking a look at all the biggest Scottish transfer rumours and gossip from Sunday’s newspapers and onlineFormer England international Joe Cole has backed Ryan Kent’s impending loan move to Rangers, calling the Liverpool starlet ‘perfect’. (Daily Record) true love Karamoko Dembele ‘chooses’ who he will play for internationally KICK-OFF Every one of Celtic’s fixtures for the new season in full Kent and Cole played together when the former was on loan at Coventry Listen to Ally McCoist’s heartfelt tribute to late Rangers icon Fernando Ricksen Jason Holt is believes he still has a career at Ibrox, despite being sent on loan to Fleetwood Town by Rangers. (Sunday Mail) 2 dom’s the man Hibs full-back Lewis Stevenson says the Easter Road club will be the underdogs against Asteras of Greece, with the two sides facing off in the Europa League. (Scottish Sun)Rangers midfielder Greg Docherty will not be moving to Sunderland this summer, with Black Cats manager Jack Ross confirming the 21-year-old is not one of his targets. (Sunday Mail)
Cycling grannies, bondage models wrapped in plugs and a trip backstage at the Grand Canal Theatre.Life must be pretty boring for Apprentice star Joanne Sweeney-Burke back in Donegal.The Letterkenny businesswoman once again managed to show her serious side and avoided Bill’s axe on the TV3 show last night. JSB was once again on the winning side as she and her fellow Apprentice wannabes made a billboard for B&Q.Lame Louise finally bit the dust after showing less initiative than a garden gnome.If the rest of the contestants continue coming up with the level of ideas they are currently pitching up, JSB should just ask Bill for the keys to her new office now.The only surprise was that crappy Chris didn’t beat Louise to it. Our money is on either Chris or Conor getting the chop soon – or perhaps both.Joanne is keeping her head down and watching the wannabe business heads fall one by one.Next week the teams have to do an ad campaign for a new brand of Cadbury’s chocolate.Here’s hoping JSB’s chances don’t melt like a bar of dairy milk.Ends JOANNE REFUSES TO BECOME UNPLUGGED IN LATEST APPRENTICE TRIAL was last modified: November 1st, 2011 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Joanne Sweeney-BurkeThe Apprentice
An amazing video featuring former International Space Station commander Chris Hadfield raving about the beauty of Donegal and its people has been released today.Cmdr Hadfield agreed to give his services free of charge to Tourism Ireland to promote the country when he visited in January. The video features Cmdr Hadfield playing guitar in McGrory’s of Culdaff as well as driving across the Inishowen Peninsula and picking up some words of Irish in a primary school.The two minute video is set to give Donegal tourism a real boost around the globe.He has made four videos featuring the Wild Atlantic Way in the Inishowen peninsula, Co Donegal, hurling, Titanic Belfast and the Guinness Storehouse.All four films, and the accompanying feature articles, will be promoted on Tourism Ireland’s website, Ireland.com, and will be shared by Tourism Ireland with its Facebook and Twitter followers and on its YouTube channel. Chris Hadfield, who has four milliotn followers to his twitter account, will also be tweeting links to all four films.SPACEMAN HADFIELD PUTS DONEGAL ON THE MAP WITH AMAZING VIDEO was last modified: March 25th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Commander HadfielddonegalInishowenTourism Irelandvideo
First of all, who were those guys? The same Kings who gave up 12 power-play chances Wednesday came back with a far more disciplined effort and gave up only three chances until late in the third period. That’s when Pavol Demitra and Tim Gleason both took penalties in the final three minutes, and when the Coyotes pulled goalie David Leneveu, they had a 6-on-3 advantage. But just briefly, because seconds into the next shift, the Kings’ Craig Conroy knocked the puck out of the zone and drew a tripping penalty. That play symbolized the effort of the Kings, who battled hard one night after they rolled over. “We didn’t play well (Wednesday) night,” said defenseman Aaron Miller, one of the three on the ice during that big penalty kill. “I think we learned our lesson. “We really needed a win. We needed to change the feeling in this (dressing) room.” “What’s it been, about two years since we won a hockey game?” coach Andy Murray said. The victory was the 179th in Murray’s career, pushing him one past Bob Pulford for all time among Kings coaches, but the win raised as many questions as it answered. But again, who were those guys? Jeremy Roenick spent much of his time on a line with Sean Avery and Dustin Brown, as Murray shook things up and put three strong players together to generate a forecheck. “We tried to give Andy what he wanted,” Roenick said. “We were like an energy line.” Roenick’s former linemates had a mixed evening. Michael Cammalleri was a conspicuous healthy scratch but Alexander Frolov, who didn’t play well Wednesday, came back strong. Frolov teamed with Pavol Demitra on the power play and each assisted on the other’s power-play goals. “They played great tonight,” Roenick said of Demitra and Frolov. “They were fantastic, especially on special teams. (Frolov) seemed to control the puck a lot better and play with a lot more poise.” Frolov’s goal, 8:28 into the second period, broke a 1-1 tie, and Demitra’s goal, off a beautiful pass from Frolov three minutes later, gave the Kings their winning margin. Next question: who to start in net? One night after Mathieu Garon gave up five goals, Jason LaBarbera gave up a soft one midway through the first period but shined after that and made 27 saves. “We beared down when we had to,” LaBarbera said. “Those three guys in the last minute did an unbelievable job killing that penalty. You have to give them a lot of credit.” KINGS NOTES: Once Mattias Norstrom’s body heals, Denis Grebeshkov likely is headed out of town. The Kings would prefer to send Grebeshkov to the minors for more seasoning, but have had to keep him around this week because Norstrom has been suffering from the flu. Grebeshkov was a healthy scratch Thursday for the second consecutive game. Instead of Grebeshkov, the Kings chose to go with Nathan Dempsey and Mike Weaver, a fourth-year defenseman who made his Kings debut Wednesday. That leaves Grebeshkov in the unenviable position of sitting and watching, and waiting for Norstrom to return so that he likely can be shipped to the American Hockey League. … Jeff Cowan, who missed the opener with a groin injury, returned Thursday and took Cammalleri’s place in the lineup. Valeri Bure (back) and Richard Petiot (ribs) remain sidelined. Red Wings 4, Blues 3 : Robert Lang had a goal and an assist, and Jason Williams had three assists to lead visiting Detroit. Canadiens 4, Rangers 3, OT: Michael Ryder struck for the second straight night, wristing a shot off goaltender Kevin Weekes 2:10 into OT that gave visiting Montreal the win. AP contributed to this report. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Some would argue that Wayne Gretzky, through his contributions to hockey in Los Angeles, helped get Staples Center built. There’s a statue of him outside. His uniform number hangs high over the ice. But when Gretzky looks back at his first official game at the downtown arena as a coach, the memories won’t be all that fond, and not just because of a roster blunder. The Kings saw to that Thursday night. In their home opener, their first real home game in more than 16 months, the Kings dulled the pain of a devastating loss the night before with a solid effort and a 3-2 victory over the Coyotes in front of 18,118 at Staples Center.
CONCORD, N.H. – To some, a never-enforced New Hampshire law requiring parental notification before a minor has an abortion is a backward step for women’s rights. To others, it protects parents’ right to know if their child is having an abortion. The U.S. Supreme Court will consider those arguments Wednesday as it begins to weigh whether to reinstate a law that requires parental notification 48 hours before an abortion can be performed on a minor. The 2003 law was struck down, days before it was to take effect, for failing to provide an exception to protect a minor’s health. Under the law, parents or guardians must be notified either in person or by certified mail. Supporters of the law say a provision that allows a girl to go to a judge instead of a parent provides needed protection if her health is in danger. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals Opponents, however, say the law’s requirements could lead to dangerous delays and result in judges making medical decisions instead of doctors. They also view the law as an ill-disguised attempt by abortion opponents to chip away at Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 decision that legalized abortion. “Women are going to get abortions no matter what, whether it’s legal or illegal, whether they’re 13 or whether they’re 50. … Any limitations put on it is heading backward in time,” said Becca Pawling, 35, who leads Annie’s Forum, a weekly program that brings together teenage girls and older women for snacks, support, crafts and conversation in Portsmouth. The issue sparked a lively debate among the eight women at one recent meeting. One teen said she would tell her father but she’d be more likely to turn to an older sibling for support. Another said she might tell her parents, but afterward. Some older participants said they would support requiring girls to get some kind of adult counseling before getting abortions, but not necessarily from parents. “I don’t think I agree with the legislation, but I don’t like the idea of young girls having to go through this by themselves,” said Emily Morgan. “I’m 27 and I don’t know if I could handle it.” Nearly all states have laws requiring some kind of parental involvement when minors have abortions. According to the Alan Guttmacher Institute, a nonprofit group that researches reproductive health issues, 21 states require parental consent and 13 require parental notification. Nine other states, including New Hampshire, have laws that aren’t in effect because they’ve been blocked by court orders. In its last major abortion decision, the Supreme Court ruled in 2000 that state abortion laws must provide an exception to protect a girl’s health in case her parents don’t agree. It passed up several other abortion cases this year before agreeing in May to take up New Hampshire’s law. Some legal experts suggested the surprising decision was the court’s way of reminding President George W. Bush what could be at stake in filling a Supreme Court vacancy. It’s unclear how many women would be affected by New Hampshire’s law because the state’s abortion providers, unlike those in almost every other state, do not submit annual statistics to the federal government. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England, which sued to block the law, said it performed 550 abortions in New Hampshire in 2004. Fifty-two were on girls. Teens also are divided on the issue. Molly Cummings, 17, of Nashua said she wasn’t aware of the law and thought abortions were illegal for teenagers. Despite having a close relationship with her parents, she doubted she would tell them if she ended up pregnant and had an abortion. “I don’t think I’d be able to tell my parents,” she said. “They’d be disappointed in me.” Jess Henderson, 17, of Concord said she thinks the law is reasonable and might make teens think more about the consequences of their actions. “There are a lot of people who look on abortion pretty lightly,” she said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Packie Bonner hopes the Republic of Ireland can book a spot in Russia next summer to give Seamus Coleman a chance to grace the World Cup stage.While Coleman will sit out the closing two games of Ireland’s qualifying group, Ronald Koeman, the Everton manager, has suggested that the Killybegs man could be back playing before the end of the year.Pictures by Joe Boland, North West News Pix A recent draw against Georgia and loss to Serbia have given Martin O’Neill’s men a mountain to climb.But Irish legend Bonner believes the damage was done in more ways than one in the scoreless draw against Wales in Dublin in March.“I thought the Welsh game at home was the one,” Bonner said.“They didn’t go at it. They weren’t proactive that night. “We didn’t go at it really until Seamus went off injured.”It was in the game against Wales at the Aviva Stadium where Coleman sustained a double leg break that has kept him out of action since.Bonner said: “Seamus is fantastic and we need to get him back to where he was before his injury.“What a great player, he is.“He’ll be fine. He’ll be back to do it again for Ireland. “It would be so nice if we were to get to the World Cup and he could get a chance to shine on the World Cup stage.“His leadership qualities were missed badly in the games recently.”Bonner was in Letterkenny yesterday to officially open the PelviPower and Salt Caves at the Pontemed Clinic, located at Scally Place.With two games to go – home to Moldova and away to Wales – Ireland are third in the group and have it all to do. Bonner said: “The Georgia game away, if we’d won that, we’d have had a massive chance, but we drew one and lost one and the confidence just went from the squad.“But they still have a chance. Martin and Roy have work to do to get them motivated to get the results.”Packie Bonner: Ireland’s big damage was done in Welsh draw was last modified: September 21st, 2017 by Chris McNultyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Martin O’NeillPackie BonnerRepublic of Irelandseamus coleman
3 September 2015South African Navy Lieutenant Commander Zimasa Mabela became South Africa’s first female navy vessel commander during Women’s Month when she took control on 26 August of the SAS Umhloti. She also became the first African woman to captain an active navy vessel.#NavyFirst Mabela will command the SAS Umhloti. MM pic.twitter.com/DXBBO40BYo— EWN Reporter (@ewnreporter) August 26, 2015 Born and raised in Eastern Cape, Mabela joined the navy in 1999 as a telecommunications operator. She completed her officer training in 2004, becoming a Combat Officer at the navy’s warfare training centre in Gordon’s Bay. She later joined the SAS Isandlwana as an assistant operations officer.Speaking to the Cape Times newspaper after her installation as captain of the Umhloti, she said had always had a fascination with the ocean and the navy; being a woman was not going to stop her fulfilling her dream of becoming part of that.“I remember how excited I was when I first got accepted to be a part of the navy. I am proud to be the first black African woman to command a naval vessel. But, more than the title, I want to be an example to my crew. I want to be judged on my ability to command, and not my gender,” said the now Lieutenant Commander Mabela.#NavyFirst Mabela boarding her vessel for the first time as its commander. MM pic.twitter.com/Jd9VvNFtDB— EWN Reporter (@ewnreporter) August 26, 2015 She is taking over the bridge of the Umhloti from seasoned navy veteran Commander Brian Shor. The handover, Mabela says, will be smooth: “Everyone has their own unique way of leading and to be in command you need the right attitude and personality. That is what will take you far.”SAS Umhloti, based in Simon’s Town, is a mine-hunter vessel and recruit training facility. It is also used for rescue operations.Lieutenant Obed Medupe, the navy’s spokesperson, says the navy fully supports Mabela’s appointment. It is determined to use this ground-breaking milestone as an opportunity to inspire more women to become actively involved, particularly at leadership level, in the navy, as well as in the overall military and private maritime sectors.Africa and its ocean economySeafaring has been men’s work, but barriers are coming down. #Maritime analysis by @timwalker919 in ISS Today https://t.co/S56iEcVO9Z— ISS (@issafrica) August 31, 2015 The appointment indicated a new gender equality trend for maritime services, particularly in Africa, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) said in responding to news of Lieutenant Commander Mabela’s new command.In the institute’s statement, Women in maritime, Timothy Walker said 2015 was Africa’s year for change. Walker is the researcher in the ISS’s conflict management and peacebuilding division. He said Africa was making great strides in advancing gender equality in private and military maritime sectors, developing real opportunities for women.“The African Union (AU) is leading the way on the continent. Two events hosted this year (in Angola and Ethiopia), including the African Maritime Women: Towards Africa’s Blue Economy event (and) the AU summit in January focusing on Women Empowerment in Africa (were) a step towards achieving the goals of the AU’s Agenda 2063, (which includes advancing Africa’s) ocean economy. as a major contributor to continental transformation and growth.”At these events, AU Commission chairperson Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma repeatedly called for greater participation of women in maritime industries to increase interest in African countries as formidable maritime and naval players. The reputational and economic benefits from uplifting women and opening up maritime resources, training and stewardship to them leads to more opportunities for women in not only the navy, but also in ship ownership, fishing and manufacturing industries, as well as shipbuilding infrastructure.Experience, authority and securityOnly 2% of the world’s maritime workforce is made up of women, time for change? @timwalker919 for ISS Today https://t.co/S56iEcVO9Z— ISS (@issafrica) August 31, 2015 But, Walker warned in the ISS release, the role and contribution of women in maritime development must be correctly recognised and framed. “If women are to be fully included in the maritime industry, discussions cannot be limited to participation in one or two areas alone, such as environmental work, or entrepreneurship such as ship ownership. Creating a community of experienced women in maritime occupations needs to take place at several levels and in various sectors of the industry.”Key to this is allowing experienced and fully trained women into positions of authority in the safety and security sector (navies, coastguards, maritime authorities) and the private sector ocean economies.A positive step in this new direction, the ISS report highlighted, was the rise in the number of female marine pilots – steering ships into ports and harbours. For instance, 15 of the 70 marine pilots in South Africa are female, and the figure is growing. While the numbers have yet to reach this level in the rest of Africa, ground-breakers do exist.“Elizabeth Marami is Kenya’s first female marine pilot and while the AU lauded this accomplishment. she remains, for now, Kenya’s only woman in this profession. The numbers alone only tell part of the story. Women who put to sea must gain multi-level and multi-sector experience, such as executive or engineering positions, rather than being limited to entry or low paid occupations,” said Walker.One concern that still needed to be addressed, he explained, was that of the safety and support of women in the marine sector, an industry traditionally notorious for its misogyny and contentious sexual politics. The ISS report highlighted a South African initiative that went a long way to addressing the issue: “Efforts to ensure safety and support for female seafarers have included the South African Maritime Safety Authority’s Sisters of the Sea – an important initiative to enable the sharing of experience and support.”Sisters of the Sea is a mentoring programme that guides female entrants into the marine and naval sectors, making sure they are brought into a safe and encouraging environment, and that the older, more male-dominated peer group are acclimatised to be more inclusive and respect diversity. Projects like this, said Walker, “require invigoration and expansion. Infrastructure changes must ensure women’s physical security on board ships and in the industry”.Walker concluded the ISS report with a call for continuous and realistic transformation, and not just lip-service. “Sustained attention and action at the level of the AU, regional economic communities and national governments, in partnership with African and global maritime education institutions, is needed. The goal must be to transform the industry so that isolated stories of success coalesce into an inclusive and gender-balanced maritime domain.”SAinfo reporter