Every now and then you might come across headlines about those who are arrested in Indonesia for smuggling marijuana, while some are nabbed for growing cannabis for medicinal use or producing marijuana-laced cake, and you might wonder: How illegal is cannabis in the country?Despite growing calls across the world for marijuana legalization – with some countries, including Thailand, already allowing the use of the drug for medical purposes and other countries decriminalizing recreational cannabis – Indonesia still adamantly prohibits the consumption of marijuana, even as an alternative for medical treatments.The 2019 Global Drug Survey (GDS) put cannabis as the world’s most commonly used drug after alcohol and tobacco. It is also the most used illicit drug in Indonesia, according to 2015 data from Indonesian’s National Narcotics Agency (BNN). The psychotropic drug, which has mind-altering compounds known to give a sensation called “getting high”, can be used in a variety of ways. It can be smoked, ingested after using it as an ingredient for food, vaporized and used as an extract.According to the BNN, marijuana users make up 63 percent of the country’s 3.6 million illegal drug users aged 15 to 65 years old.Illustration of a man rolling marijuana. (Shutterstock/File)How illegal is marijuana in Indonesia? Cannabis is strictly illegal in the country, meaning you cannot be found in possession of marijuana, or caught smoking weed or baking marijuana-laced brownies, unless you want to go to jail.According to the 2009 Narcotics Law – one of the strictest drug laws in the world – cannabis is a type-1 narcotic alongside 65 other drugs including opium, cocaine and methamphetamine.In general, there are three classifications of narcotics, and according to Article 7 of the law, they all can be used only for medical and research purposes, except for type-1 narcotics, which are also forbidden for medicinal use.The production of narcotics is also heavily regulated, with type-1 narcotics explicitly banned except for certain research purposes.Read also: Conservative Aceh proposes cannabis legalizationUnauthorized handling of marijuana is a criminal offense. According to Article 111 of the law, marijuana possession can result in a sentence of up to 12 years’ imprisonment and a Rp 8 billion (US$581,782) fine.Producing, exporting, importing and distributing marijuana can result in charges under Article 113 and a sentence of up to 15 years’ imprisonment and a Rp 10 billion fine. Those involved in the marijuana trade risk a 20-year prison sentence and a Rp 10 billion fine, as stipulated in Article 114.As for type-1 narcotics in general, possession can result in charges under Article 115, which carries with it a 12-year prison sentence and Rp 8 billion fine.Providing others with drugs for consumption can carry up to 15 years’ imprisonment and a Rp 10 billion fine, according to Article 116. Using narcotics on one’s own results in four years in prison, according to Article 127.Illegal grows: Denpasar Police chief, Sr. Comr. Hadi Purnomo (left) shows marijuana trees seized from Bali fashion designer Nandi in a press conference on July 11, 2018. (JP/Ni Komang Erviani)How strong is law enforcement against marijuana use?Throughout 2019, the BNN and the National Police uncovered 33,371 illegal narcotics cases with a total of 42,649 suspects arrested for various charges. Cannabis made up the bulk of the collected evidence in the cases, with 112.2 tons of marijuana seized in crackdowns. Other drugs seized in the operations included 5.01 tons of methamphetamines, 1.3 million ecstasy pills and 1.65 million PCC pills.Marijuana cases brought to the country’s courts generally ranged from low-level cannabis possession cases and marijuana cultivation to the smuggling of weed, which in some cases reached up to more than 1 ton of marijuana.In 2015, for instance, the Denpasar District Court in Bali sentenced an Australian national and an Indonesian to one year in prison for smoking weed. They were caught with a used marijuana joint weighing 0.1 grams and 0.86 grams of marijuana in brown paper.Read also: Man jailed for cannabis for dying wifeIn one of the most famous cases that triggered debate over the medicinal use of cannabis, the Sanggau State Court in West Kalimantan sent Fidelis Arie to eight months in jail in 2017 and gave him a Rp 1 billion fine after he was found guilty of using cannabis oil to treat his ailing wife.Fidelis was arrested on Feb 19, 2017, and taken to court for growing 39 marijuana plants in his home and extracting cannabis oil for his wife’s treatment. His wife, however, died on March 25, roughly a month after his arrest.Late last month, a United States citizen was arrested in Jakarta for possession of 1 kilogram of marijuana-laced brownies and five bottles of vape liquid containing cannabis, with the police accusing him of smuggling the substance. The foreigner claimed he did not know that marijuana was illegal in Indonesia.This photo taken on December 10, 2019 shows coffee roasted with marijuana brewing in Banda Aceh, Aceh province. The contraband mixture of cannabis and coffee is a hit with locals and buyers in other parts of the Southeast Asian archipelago, who pay Rp 1 million (75 USD) for a kilo of it. (AFP/CHAIDEER MAHYUDDIN)Are Indonesian people consuming marijuana?Historically, the cannabis plant was first brought by the Dutch from India in the 19th century – during the Dutch colonial era – as a pesticide for coffee plantations in Gayo, a mountainous area in what is known today as the Indonesian region of Aceh.Although cannabis is widely known for being smoked, Aceh has traditionally used marijuana seeds as spices for various local dishes as well as for herbal medicines, such as to treat diabetes.Despite the law, cannabis cultivation remains widespread in the conservative Muslim province, with farmers growing marijuana as commodities and households also often growing several cannabis plants in their backyard, though they are not often sold for commercial use.Read also: Cannabis coffee: Indonesia’s sharia stronghold sidesteps drug banIs medical marijuana really a thing?According to the US National Institute on Drug Abuse, medical marijuana is a term that “refers to using the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions”.The marijuana plant contains a chemical compound called cannabidiol (CBD), which is usually extracted into an oil and sold as pills, gels, creams and other forms of remedies to treat pain, seizures and other health problems.Both scientific studies and anecdotal evidence indicate that cannabis can be used for medicinal purposes, including to treat nausea, pain, loss of appetite, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, muscle spasms and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Fidelis, for instance, argued before the court that his late wife – who was diagnosed with a rare spinal cord disease called syringomyelia – saw her conditions improve after being treated with cannabis oil, as it allowed her to sleep well and gave her an appetite.A police officer shows marijuana during a press conference in Jakarta on Nov. 5, 2019. West Jakarta Police precinct destroyed drugs seized during raids over the past three month raids. (AFP/ADEK BERRY)Will cannabis use remain criminalized in Indonesia?In most parts of the world, marijuana use is illegal for both recreational and medical purposes, following the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs in 1961 that put marijuana on par with opium and cocaine as narcotic drugs even though the substances are wildly different.Some countries have started waves of decriminalization of cannabis, both for recreational and medical use, such as Canada, Georgia, South Africa and Uruguay, in addition to Washington, DC, and 11 states in the US, including California, Massachusetts, Illinois and Colorado.Calls pushing for the legalization of marijuana are on the rise in Indonesia, with some figures from Aceh, including a House of Representatives member from the Islam-based Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), Rafli, saying that Indonesia should consider using cannabis from Aceh as an export commodity.However, it appears there is still a long way to go for cannabis decriminalization in Indonesia, as even the Indonesia Cannabis Movement (LGN), which has pushed for a revision of the 2009 law on narcotics since 2010, has seen little success to date. 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17 Ningana Street Fig Tree Pocket Qld 4069. Source: Realestate.com.auIt also has a private pontoon, 6,000 bottle temperature controlled wine cellar, gym with sauna and shower, and large garden shed. 17 Ningana Street Fig Tree Pocket Qld 4069. Source: Realestate.com.auThe Fig Tree Pocket site is just 11 kilometres from the Brisbane CBD, and directly on the riverfront with its own full sized tennis court, resort style pool and a large five bedroom, five bathroom family home. 7 Curlew Camp Road Mosman NSW 2088. Source: Realestate.com.auIn comparison a f ive bedroom home in Mosman, Sydney, on the market for $7.5 million sits on 657sq m with pool, poolside terrace and harbour views. 17 Ningana Street, Fig Tree PocketA LUXURY riverfront home with its own 1.34 hectare green buffer zone is on the market for the same price as a five bedroom home in Mosman, Sydney. More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home1 hour agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor7 hours ago17 Ningana Street Fig Tree Pocket Qld 4069. Source: Realestate.com.auThe 17 Ningana Street home in Brisbane’s Fig Tree Pocket is open to offers over $7 million, according to a listing by agents Simon Wheelans and Rachael Spinks.
Stuff.co.nz 22 May 2012An Invercargill District Court judge yesterday took the rare step of directing a jury to find a woman not guilty, after it was revealed in court the woman’s daughter may have lied about allegations she had made against her mother. The woman, who has permanent name suppression, faced five charges of assaulting a child and two of assault with a weapon. Her jury trial started yesterday before Judge Kevin Phillips. The Crown had alleged the woman had assaulted her son and daughter, both aged under 10 years at the time, between August 2003 and February 2010. In her opening address, Crown prosecutor Emma Riddell said the boy said in his evidential video interview his mother had hit him with a belt so hard his back had bled. He also spoke of his mother smashing his sister’s head into a wall, making it bleed, and leaving a dent in the wall, she said. However, defence lawyer Kate McHugh said in her brief opening statement the defence case was that the allegations were untrue and the children had made the story up because they wanted to live with their father.http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/6961453/Find-woman-not-guilty-jury-told
Share Sharing is caring! 64 Views 3 comments Share Tweet LocalNews Show a little love this Christmas by: – December 24, 2011 Share Photo credit: lovejharizz.tumblr.comWhile many are complaining that things are “dread” this Christmas season and they do not have money to shop for their families, it might be a good opportunity for us to focus on what we do have and be grateful.Let us take time to reflect on the many children who are homeless and starving, mothers whose children were kidnapped, people in the Philippines who have lost their homes and property to flooding, people who have lost their limbs as a result of war and fighting among various tribes and people who are living in fear and captivity.Then reflect on the many blessings which you have been bestowed with; life, health, family, peaceful country, ability to express our religious convictions or persuasions freely among others.This Christmas season take some time to thank God, Yahweh, Jehovah, Yashwah, Messiah – by whatever name you prefer, for what he has done for you and show a little love to your family members, friends, neighbors and countrymen.Christmas is about sharing and that sharing does not necessarily mean material things, it could mean telling your children that you love and appreciate them, it could mean reaching out to a family member whom you have not spoken to for a while, it could mean reaching out to your neighbour or someone in your community.Dominica Vibes Inc featured one of our local reggae bands on island, Dungeon Lionz, a group of young men who are making a positive contribution to their society through music. In their lyrics they share messages of love, peace, unity, encouragement and consciousness of who we are as a people.“Show A Little Love” which is sung by Fyah Bryte of Dungeon Lionz, is calling on people of the world to “show a little love for the needy for the poor.” He urges world leaders to show love to people around the world who are living in poverty and do something to change their situations.[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGOcOwITxj8&feature=youtu.be.[/youtube]This message is very fitting as we celebrate the birth of Jesus this year.Management and staff of Da Vibes Inc and Vibes Radio, we wish you a Merry Christmas, God’s choicest blessings and implore you to show a little LOVE this Christmas!!Dominica Vibes News
19 Views no discussions LocalNews Nine months prison sentence for indecent assault suspended by: – June 25, 2012 Share Court gavel. Photo credit: kirtok.comA Kalinago man who pleaded guilty to indecently assaulting his sixteen (16) year old neighbour on 11th June, 2012 at the High Court has been sentenced to nine (9) months imprisonment which is suspended for the next twelve (12) months.Information revealed in Court on Monday, 25th June, 2012 indicates that Keith Tyson of Crayfish River met “AA” who is also from Crayfish River, on the night of January 4th, 2011 on the road walking home.Tyson, who was walking in the opposite direction, told “AA”; “I have something to say” but she kept walking and Tyson held her from behind on her breasts. She wrestled with him and ran away and told her mother what had happened.A report was made by “AA”’s mother on the 9th of January, 2011 and Tyson was arrested.During the sentence hearing at the High Court this morning, Justice Birnie Stephenson-Brooks, who ordered that a pre-sentence be conducted by officials of the Welfare Department earlier in June, noted that it was of “great assistance” to her in preparing sentencing.According to Justice Brooks, “AA” told Delia Stedman-Giddings who compiled the report that she was not affected physically or emotionally by the incident however, Tyson touched her inappropriately and she was not pleased about it.She further stated that she is not afraid of Tyson; he has not interfered with her since the incident, nor was she interested in going through a trial, but she only wanted Tyson warned and that he respects her in the future.However, she told Giddings that it was her mother who pursued the matter. The report also indicates that the mother admitted to pursuing the matter because she was “waiting for Tyson to make an arrangement with her” since he did not have sexual intercourse with her daughter, but he never did so.Tyson’s attorney, David Bruney, stated in mitigating on his client’s behalf that he has expressed remorse for his action and “did not intend to touch her inappropriately,” but that his “hug was misunderstood by “AA”.”In the pre-sentence report, Tyson was described as a “diligent, reliable and positive person in his community” based on interviews conducted with members of the village including Carib Chief Garnet Joseph.Justice Brooks also stated that she was “particularly taken” by the fact that it was “AA” did not wish to come to Court but that the “only reason why it did was because the mother wanted the matter settled and it was not forthcoming”.“It is indeed unfortunate that a man who has lived a clean life would have a conviction. In another time and place, I would have ordered that no conviction be recorded, reprimand and discharge the defendant,” Justice Brooks said.However, she said based on the circumstances in the case and the prevalence of this type of offence in society, she sentenced him to nine (9) months but suspended that sentence for twelve (12) months.If Tyson commits any other offence during that twelve month period he will have to serve the nine month sentence.Justice Brooks also warned Tyson to “be of good behaviour and lead and honest and industrious life”.Dominica Vibes News Sharing is caring! Share Tweet Share
ILOILO – This province remains freefrom the African swine fever (ASF), a contagious hemorrhagic swine disease withno known cure. “ASF is a threat to the swine industryand the food security of the province,” Defensor stressed in issuing Executive OrderNo. 159 on the temporary ban. * conductseminars to all concerned stakeholders on ASF awareness, prevention,preparedness and response in case of outbreak * livestock and poultrytransport / carrier certificate * carry out theproper implementation of ASF prevention and control measures within theprovince * farmregistration * enhancebiosecurity practices in all ports of entry and swine production facilitieswithin the province Theexecutive order also stated that “all swine, pork, pork products andby-products shall be accompanied by National Meat Inspection Service or LocalGovernment Unit Meat Inspection Certificate.” * veterinaryhealth certificate (VHC) and veterinary shipping permit On Sept. 4, Defensor formed the IloiloProvincial African Swine Fever Task Force (IPASFTF) to do the following tasks: He also ordered strict veterinaryquarantine procedures in seaports and at the Iloilo International Airport bythe quarantineteams of the municipalities of Cabatuan, Dumangas, Ajuy, Estancia, and Carles. The following are the requirements: * accomplish datagathering to establish swine demographics and epidemiological profile The Department of Agriculture (DA)recently confirmed ASF in the provinces of Bulacan and Rizal, and in thefollowing countries: China, South Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, LaoPeoples Democratic Republic, Belgium, Bulgaria, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine,Luxembourg, Latvia, Poland, and Romania. * imposeimmediate closure of any farm if confirmed to be infected with ASF * identify high-riskareas based on swine demographics, epidemiological profile and animal diseasesurveillance data * ensure theimmediate conduct and release of confirmatory diagnosis in case of suspectedoutbreak * disinfectionclearance Only those that meet the regulatoryrequirements of the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) would be allowed to enterIloilo. * livestockhandler’s permit He assured the public that despite theban, Iloilo has ample supply of meat. The province’s sources of meat are NegrosOccidental, Cagayan de Oro and Cebu. * certificate ofvehicle registration * ensureimplementation of quarantine measures As a preventive measure, however, Gov.Arthur Defensor Jr. ordered a temporary ban on hogs, pork, pork products andby-products from ASF-hit areas. * conduct initialdisease investigation and institute outbreak control protocols in the event ofa suspected ASF case The task force iscomposed of a chairperson (provincial governor), co-chairman (provincialveterinarian) and the following members: provincial administrator, provincialdisaster risk reduction and management officer; provincial legal officer,provincial agriculturist; president, united livestock technicians association;representative from national meat inspection services, among others./PN
MILAN, Ind. — The Milan Indiananetts Dance Team recently competed at the Showcase America Unlimted Nationals at Northern Kentucky University and came back National Champions in many categories.On Saturday of the competition, the team was named National Champion in Team Jazz, Team Lyrical, and Team Hip-Hop.All three routines advanced to the finals on Sunday where Team Jazz won 1st place, Team Lyrical won 3rd place, and Team Hip-Hop won 5th place.On Sunday the team was also awarded Grand Champion for Senior Class Division.Coming back to town the team was honored with a fire truck escort by the Milan Fire Department.
Hannah Hornsby and Kamryn McCool both hit home runs, and McCool threw a shut out in the circle as the Wildcats powered past the Knights by a final score of 3-0. This game was a battle of the two second place teams in the EIAC who looked to try to stay within shouting distance of East Central who remains undefeated in conference play. With the win Franklin County runs their record to 18-3 on the year and 10-2 in EIAC play. The Wildcats also have now won eleven straight games. South Dearborn falls to 13-8 on the year and 9-3 in EIAC play.The Wildcats got the scoring started early as they struck in the bottom of the first inning. After two ground outs to begin the inning, Kamryn McCool worked a seven-pitch walk to give Franklin County their first base runner of the game. The next at-bat, Hannah Hornsby would drive the 2-2 pitch to straight away center to give the Wildcats the early 2-0 lead.This would prove to be all the offense the Wildcats would need as Kamryn McCool was fantastic for the team inside the circle. McCool threw a complete game shutout going seven innings allowing four hits and striking out fifteen.McCool would then add a run herself in the bottom of the third. McCool would take the 1-2 pitch to right-center field and drive a home run over the fence. This would run the Wildcats lead to 3-1. With that home run McCool passed Brooke Otto to become Franklin County’s career leader in RBIs with 105.Olivia Nagel took the loss for South Dearborn. She surrendered three runs on four hits over four innings, striking out three.Hornsby, Kloe Bolos, Maggie Wendel, and McCool had the four hits for the Wildcats.Franklin County will be back in action on Saturday as the Wildcats head to Greenfield for the Greenfield-Central Invitational. The team’s first two games will be held at the Greenfield-Central Junior High School. The Wildcats first game will be at approximately 11 am against Seymour High School. Immediately following that contest, the Wildcats will take on Mt. Vernon High School. Depending on how pool play goes, Franklin County will either play in a consultation game at 3:30 pm or the championship game at 5:30.Courtesy of Wildcats Coach Alex McCool.
Stuivenberg, 43, recently worked under Van Gaal as the Holland Under-21 coach. In 2011 and 2012, he won the European Championship with the Dutch Under-17 team. The former Feyenoord academy manager will be Van Gaal’s assistant coach at United. Van Gaal, who has already appointed Frans Hoek and Marcel Bout to his staff, will start work at Old Trafford once Holland’s World Cup campaign is over. Holland made it through to the semi-finals of the tournament on Saturday night when they beat Costa Rica on penalties and will now play Argentina on Wednesday in Sao Paulo. Louis van Gaal has added fellow Dutchman Albert Stuivenberg to his backroom staff at Manchester United. Press Association
Nearly a week on from the capitulation, Van Persie is still at a loss to explain how United failed to win the match, which they led 3-1 thanks to his first goal of the season, and strikes from Angel di Maria and Ander Herrera. “It shouldn’t be possible, but it still happened,” Van Persie told Fox Sports ahead of Saturday’s home game against West Ham. “So we have to deal with it. We had a proper look at it the next day. “Sometimes it was a bit confronting. “It was a really good meeting as everyone spoke up and shared their feelings. “It was a long meeting, one hour or something meeting, but we went from there, started again this week and a couple of really good sessions in and everyone feels ready to face West Ham.” Spirits were high before the start of the season following United’s successful tour of the United States, but Van Gaal has endured a poor start to life in England. The former Ajax and Bayern Munich manager has recorded just one win so far, against relegation candidates QPR. Press Association Defeat to West Ham would raise further questions about Van Gaal’s ability to take United back into the Champions League, but Van Persie is sure his fellow Dutchman is the right man to revive the club’s fortunes following the failures of David Moyes’ reign. “I think his numbers speak for themselves, he has had success everywhere he has managed,” said Van Persie, who captained Holland under Van Gaal at the World Cup. “And everyone believes in his philosophy as well. “If you look at the players we have now, the staff, the stadium, and the fans, I am very confident for the future.” Much to Van Gaal’s dismay, he has been hit by an injury crisis ahead of the visit of Sam Allardyce’s side. Summer signing Marcos Rojo is United’s only fit centre-back as Jonny Evans, Phil Jones and Chris Smalling are injured while Tyler Blackett is missing through suspension. At the other end of the pitch, Van Gaal has no such worries thanks to his summer recruitment drive. Last week the Dutchman deployed Van Persie, Wayne Rooney and loan signing Radamel Falcao in a three-pronged attack to good effect. Van Persie insists there is room for all three stars in the starting XI. “We want to play together,” Van Persie said. “We are constantly talking to each other: how can we improve our game together because everyone feels together we are stronger. “It’s quite interesting to see one of these conversations because we all have the same targets. We all want to win games and to share success.” Van Persie says the poor start to the season has not had a big impact on the confidence levels within the squad. “I don’t think we have confidence issues to be honest, but you have to be realistic,” he said. “You have to know where to improve. Me, I’m 31-years-old, but I can still improve.” Manchester United held a deep hour-long inquest into their dismal 5-3 defeat to Leicester, Robin van Persie has revealed. Manager Louis van Gaal was unhappy with his team’s performance at the King Power Stadium on Sunday, where they conceded four goals in the last 28 minutes, and told his squad to meet for a detailed debrief 24 hours later. Van Persie said “confronting” views were exchanged during the meeting, which he feels was beneficial to the squad as they look to improve following their worst start to a Premier League campaign.