It’s Arbor Day again, and that means it’s time for Georgians interested in adding trees to their landscape to get those trees in the ground.Georgia’s springs often seem to sneak up on the state. With intense warm and dry periods possible in March, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension horticulturists urge Georgians to go ahead and plant their new trees, especially if they live in the southern half of the state.“We have seen spring temperatures warm up quickly in some years,” said Sheri Dorn, coordinator of UGA’s Master Gardener Extension Volunteer program and UGA Extension consumer ornamental specialist. “That really doesn’t give spring-planted trees much time to establish and take root in the soil before being stressed by weather that can be hot and dry. So we want to plant early if we’re planting in the spring.”Dorn actually prefers to plant trees and shrubs in the fall, when soil temperatures are still warm, but daytime temperatures are cooling. These conditions give fall-planted trees and shrubs more time to establish a root system that can help them weather the challenges of spring and summer.However, she said, it’s not too late. Trees and shrubs can be planted at almost any time of year as long as the gardener keeps the plants watered. She has a few tips to help Georgia gardeners make the most of their Arbor Day tree-planting plans.Pick the right tree.Many trees will grow in Georgia, but there is a select group that will really thrive here despite the hot summers, dry spells and quirky weather shifts.Dorn advises homeowners to do some research before sinking money into a new tree. UGA Extension offers a guide to landscape trees that have been proven to flourish in Georgia. An electronic copy of “Landscape Plants for Georgia” is available for free at extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=B625 or through extension.uga.edu/publications.“There are so many wonderful, underutilized, small trees that homeowners can choose for their yard if they want the height and the vertical appeal of a tree, but they don’t have space for a large tree,” Dorn said. “Doing a little research and finding out more about the right tree for your landscape will help the tree thrive.”Popular trees like dogwoods, Japanese maples and redbuds do better with some shade. Homeowners usually plant them directly in the middle of their yards, in full, direct sun. Planting a shade-favoring tree in full sun can stress the tree and can lead to insect or disease issues, Dorn said.Dig a hole. The most common mistake that people make when planting a new tree is planting it too deep, Dorn said. While digging a hole for a new tree seems simple, it actually takes thought.The basic rule of thumb is that the hole should be twice as wide as the tree base, and deep enough so that the top of the rootball is at or just above the surface of the surrounding soil. Firm the soil around the roots without compacting it.The tree will settle after you plant it, and you don’t want the top of the rootball to sink below the ground after watering it, Dorn said. Check the level of the rootball after watering the tree for the first time to make sure that it hasn’t settled below the soil surface.Spread pine straw or other mulch around the base of the tree and over the planting area, taking care not to pile it against the tree trunk. Mulch will keep roots cool and reduce the chance of damage to the trunk by lawn mowers or string trimmers.Prior to planting, check the site for drainage. Once you’ve dug the hole, Dorn suggests filling it with water. If it holds water for more than 24 hours, find another place to plant the tree, or find a tree that doesn’t mind “wet feet.” Putting a tree that likes well-drained soil in a soggy spot is just asking for heartbreak.Water, water, waterOne of the major reasons that new trees fail is a lack of water. Most people know that newly planted trees need a lot of water to help establish a healthy root system, but many stop paying special attention to the tree after the first few months. New trees take about three years to become fully established, and they’re very vulnerable in the first year after they’re transplanted.Landscape plants need about an inch of water a week. If you’re not getting an inch of rain a week, it’s time to pull out the garden hose.Trees need to be watered deeply to help promote healthy root systems. Trees grown and bought in containers may need water several times per week, while trees with soil rootballs may need water only once a week. For homeowners without irrigation systems, Dorn recommends setting the water so that only a trickle is coming out of the end of the hose, then parking the hose right on top of the new tree’s rootball. Leave the dripping hose in that spot for about 30 minutes once or twice a week so that the water soaks into the soil.For more information about how to plant specific tree types, read the UGA Extension publication “Tree Planting Details” at extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=C989 or extension.uga.edu/publications.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Renewables Now:The global solar photovoltaic (PV) market will expand by 129 GW in 2019, at a rate of 25%, led by countries other than China, IHS Markit said on Thursday.China, currently the world largest photovoltaic (PV) market, is seen to lift its annual solar installations by only 2% after adding 45 GW in 2018. The market outside China, however, is forecast to grow by 43%, the analysis firm said in its latest PV Installations Tracker, adding that countries like Spain and Vietnam, among others, will step up solar development to meet 2019 project commissioning deadlines after falling modules prices spurred demand at end-2018.Asia Pacific is expected to dominate PV installations this year, accounting for 64% of the global growth, followed by the Americas and Europe with 16% and 15%, respectively. According to Josefin Berg, research and analysis manager at IHS Markit, the outlook for China is now “highly uncertain” as it is still not clear whether a new support scheme for the PV sector will be introduced. “Plans to focus policy more on unsubsidised PV systems could slow near-term deployment, unless strict construction deadlines are imposed to spur 2019 demand” he added.The market uncertainty is set to encompass India, as well, after several tenders there were delayed at a time when the price of PV components grows due to the imposition of safeguard duties. Thus, India will step back and the US will once again become the second largest PV market in 2019 as developers there rush to complete their projects before the end of the 30% investment tax credit (ITC) this year.The European market, meanwhile, is anticipated to bring online over 19 GW of fresh solar in 2019 as it witnesses an uptake following the end of the minimum import price on PV modules from China, Taiwan and Malaysia in September 2018.More: Global PV market to grow by 129 GW in 2019 IHS Markit: Global solar PV installations to hit 129 GW this year
By Geraldine Cook/Diálogo August 18, 2017 Me gusta Ã©l reconoce que se le hace a un aviÃ³n y a una tripulaciÃ³n, que dia a dÃa han sacrificado sus vidas por mantener la soberanÃa de un pueblo que durante todo este tiempo de guerra interna han podido contar con Ã©l.Los hombres que lo vuelan y hacen posible estÃ¡ paz, son hÃ©roes silenciosos. Los fecito por este artÃculo que hace gala al aviÃ³n AC-47T “Fantasma” y sus hombres “Caballeros de la noche” como se les cocone “La FAC adquiriÃ³ mÃ¡s de 60 aviones C-47 en la dÃ©cada de 1930” falso esa informaciÃ³n es errÃ³nea 1. el c-47 comenzÃ³ producciÃ³n despues del 1935los c-47 fueron llegando paulatinamente posterior a la posguerra y tampoco fueron 60 Silent and deadly. That is how the crew describes it. At first glance, the Colombian Air Force (FAC, per its Spanish acronym) AC-47T airplane, known as Fantasma, “The Ghost,” doesn’t impress. Nevertheless, its flight and combat capacities made terrorist groups cower during the time of internal armed conflict in Colombia. “As soon as the terrorists heard the Ghost coming, they retreated,” said FAC Captain Alejandro Henao, who piloted the Ghost. The nickname Ghost came in part from the crew because the plane is undetectable at high altitudes. Specifically, it conducts nighttime missions and sounds like the buzzing of a mosquito during flight. “The terrorists would cease any hostilities and retreat when they felt the presence of the Ghost because they knew how effective the plane was in close support and in attacks on insurgents,” Capt. Henao said. The Ghost assisted towns under attack by guerrillas, who could hear and feel the counter attack without being able to see it. “When we were having our worst terrorist crisis here in Colombia, the Ghost provided that security and hope to the most remote towns in rural areas,” he added. The Ghost is a combat plane for strategic attack, interdiction, close air support, reconnaissance and aerial intelligence, surveillance, and search and rescue. It is also used as an advanced air traffic controller. Its missions include supporting ground troops with surveillance and reconnaissance of the area, using flares to provide light for troop movement, take images, and escort other aircraft. The terrorists feared the “gentlemen of the night,” as they called the Ghost’s crew — when the aircraft flew by, they could not sense it coming, but only felt the machine-gun blasts falling from the sky. That was how the Ghost’s motto came about: “a good reason to be scared.” Simulator with domestic technology The Ghost has its own training simulator. With an exact replica of its flight cabin, the simulator is a unique technological invention found nowhere else in the world. The simulator was inaugurated in January 2017 as a new tool for training pilots and instructors at the AC-47T Pilot Training School located at the FAC Air Combat Command No. 1 in Puerto Salgar, in the department of Cundinamarca, Colombia. The simulator was designed in consultation with FAC and was built by a private Colombian company. “The simulator enhances training for the crews,” said FAC Major Germán Andrés Arias, the commandant of the AC-47T Pilot Training School. “We can have better in-cabin training, fly with night vision goggles, create any kind of emergency, and in general, have a more rigorous training so we can be very well prepared,” Maj. Arias said. The simulator also enriches the instruction of the Colombian Armed Forces DC-3 pilots. Trainees can practice on the simulator at any time and review the aircraft’s procedures both on the ground and in flight. Maj. Arias added that the school hopes to be able to offer simulator training to the armed forces of other countries. “Ten years ago, the simulator for the Ghost did not exist. Today the simulator is a vital tool,” Capt. Henao said as he reminisced about his student days piloting the AC-47T. “Before students had to learn on the job, during the day-to-day of the missions, we had to learn and correct ourselves as we went along.” Combat capacities FAC acquired more than 60 C-47 aircraft during the 1940s. At that time, they were used as transport aircraft for passengers and cargo. FAC engineers initiated upgrades and they outfitted a few models of its AC-47T version. In 1993, FAC transformed eight planes, converting them into combat aircraft for use against terrorist groups and criminal organizations. Adding new turboprop engines and electrical systems, building structural reinforcements, reducing the sound emitted during flight, and adapting the weapons were some of the changes. In 1997, night vision goggles were added to the system. FAC has six Ghost airplanes. With a seven-member crew on board and a flight altitude of more than 7,000 feet, the Ghost can fly for 10 hours. In addition to its three .50 caliber GAU-19 machine guns, it has a camera system with a FLIR (Forward Looking InfraRed) lens, flares for nighttime illumination, and missile defense equipment. “We are not detected because the engines are very silent,” Major Arias stated. “The FLIR gives us an improved capacity for taking images, we have more precision with the weapons, and the pilot is the only one who can fire the weapons.” “It is a multi-purpose airplane used for different FAC missions,” echoed FAC First Lieutenant Carlos Enrique Londoño, who co-pilots the Ghost. “We have close air support operations with machine guns, the FLIR system records all our missions, we take care of vulnerable populations, and we set off flares.” First Lt. Londoño is very proud of missions where they stop illegal mining. “We are conducting missions against illegal mining, which has destroyed many towns… this has been very gratifying.” FAC First Lieutenant Ana Cruz, who does navigation work on the Ghost, is also proud to be part of the crew of one of FAC’s most emblematic airplanes in the fight against terrorism. “I support aerial navigation, handle communications with the different teams on board, and carry out the functions of special equipment like the FLIR,” said 1st Lt. Cruz, who finds that her work is “fascinating every day” because of the variety of operations conducted. “I am proud of what I do. The crew is like a family.” Meanwhile, Staff Sergeant Óscar Andrés Peña, head armorer on the Ghost, said that his basic job is to “have the weapons ready.” Staff Sgt. Peña has worked as an armorer on the Ghost for 12 years, during which time he has participated in missions of all types, especially against guerrillas. “These aircraft have been very useful due to their configuration and the way they perform in combat,” he said. The crew was called onboard the Ghost for a new mission. “This plane has been operating in FAC for many decades, and it is still very active,” Maj. Arias said. With the cessation of the armed conflict in Colombia, the Ghost will also be doing humanitarian work, responding to natural disasters and cargo missions. “We are very versatile,” Major Arias concluded.
“It was a way to explore,” said DiGennaro. “It’s not very far but I did go to New York City to play at Carnegie Hall a couple times and then I went to Australia, I think two years ago to play at the Sydney Opera House.” “Having the opportunity to be chosen to play in Vienna, or even play at Julliard every weekend like she does, these are not typical things,” said Carle. As far as her trip to Vienna, she’s most excited to see Mozart’s house. Music runs through her blood. Growing up with her dad and sister playing band instruments, she decided she wanted to start back in fourth grade. “She is just an amazing performer and really years ahead of so many other musicians, where the standard musician for her age would be,” said Windsor music teacher and band director Joel Carle. What started out as a hobby, turned into the journey of a lifetime. “I feel really lucky that my parents let me do some of that stuff, because I know some people don’t get to do that,” said DiGennaro. “I think it brings up the whole group, to have someone so strong in the band and so driven,” said Carle. “I told my dad I wanted to play trumpet to be like him, but he knew I liked the french horn sound better, so he gave me a french horn and called it a trumpet,” said DiGennaro. And the Windsor community is behind her, lifting her up, like how she does for her peers. This June, she’s playing on a global stage, showcasing her talent at the 2020 High School Honors Performance Series in Vienna. DiGennaro is currently in the Julliard pre-college program and that’s where she hopes to go to college. WINDSOR (WBNG) — You can find a lot of talent inside a high school band room, but Alex DiGennaro’s goes unmatched.
Jul 18, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Novartis, the Swiss-based drug manufacturer, today announced plans to build what it says will be the first US plant to make cell-culture-based influenza vaccines.The facility will be built in Holly Springs, N.C., at a total cost of about $600 million, the company said in a news release. It will be able to produce about 50 million doses of seasonal trivalent (three-strain) flu vaccine annually.”In the event of an influenza pandemic, the site is planned to have a capacity of up to 150 million monovalent doses annually within six months of a pandemic declaration,” the company said.The US government awarded Novartis a $220 million contract in May for development of cell-based flu vaccines in the United States. That money will go toward the cost of the new facility, officials said.Depending on validation testing and approval, the plant could begin production as early as 2011 and be ready for full production as early as 2012, a Novartis spokesperson told CIDRAP News by e-mail.Novartis also announced today it has submitted a cell-based flu vaccine for approval by the European Union’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use. The company said it filed in June after successfully completing phase 3 clinical trials of the vaccine. Officials said this marks the first such submission in the EU.Flu vaccines have been grown in chicken eggs since the 1950s, but a number of companies are developing techniques for growing them in laboratory cell cultures instead. Cell-culture production offers a number of potential advantages, including faster start-up, greater flexibility, less risk of contamination, and freedom from dependence on the availability of eggs.”We are taking the lead in moving cell culture vaccine manufacturing closer to a commercial reality now that the site for a U.S. manufacturing plant has been chosen and the first EU submission for a flu cell culture vaccine have been completed,” Novartis Chairman and CEO Dr. Daniel Vasella said in the news release.The company is currently conducting a phase 1 and 2 clinical trial of a cell-based flu vaccine in the United States. The company spokesperson said by e-mail, “Our phase I/phase II trial in the US is fully enrolled, and immunogenicity data are satisfactory. We are in ongoing dialog with the US Food and Drug Administration to evaluate the data received to date and achieve an optimal design for our phase III program.”The vaccines for the European and US trials were developed and produced in Marburg, Germany, the company said.In May the US Department of Health and Human Services awarded more than $1 billion worth of contracts to five companies for developing cell-based flu vaccines, including the $220 million to Novartis. The money comes from $3.8 billion that Congress appropriated last December for flu-pandemic preparedness.The other contractors and their awards were GlaxoSmithKline, $274.75 million; MedImmune, $169.6 million; DynPort Vaccine, $40.97 million; and Solvay Pharmaceuticals, $298.59 million. The contracts are for 5 years.See also: May 4 CIDRAP News article “US awards $1 billion for cell-based flu vaccines”Jun 27, 2005, CIDRAP News article “Momentum builds for cell-culture flu vaccines”
How athletes protesting the national anthem has evolved over 17 years LOS ANGELES — With all the electricity of a playoff game, the NBA’s Western and Eastern Conference leaders – and their respective leading men – clashed Friday night at Staples Center in what might have been a preview of the NBA Finals.The case of LeBron James vs. Giannis Antetokounmpo tilted in favor of the home team this time, with James rallying his squad from a nine-point, first-half deficit to a playoff-clinching 113-103 victory at the Milwaukee Bucks’ expense.Afterward, the Bucks superstar stood facing a media scrum, his lip bloodied, his squad having lost for just the 10th time all season and his mind made up: His knee, which buckled badly in the second half was “good,” he insisted.The 25-year-old reigning league MVP scored 32 points in the loss, two fewer than he’d scored in the teams’ last meeting, a 111-104 Milwaukee victory in December. “He’s been good.”James, of course, has won three championships in his 17 NBA seasons, and harbors hopes of earning a fourth this season. Antetekounmpo would like this season to earn his first championship – and to thwart James’ desire to do it again.Related Articles Trail Blazers beat Grizzlies in play-in, earn first-round series with the Lakers Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Trail Blazers, Grizzlies advance to NBA play-in game; Suns, Spurs see playoff dreams dashed Lakers practice early hoping to answer all questions That bubbling push-and-pull made for compelling theater Friday, even for someone as close to the action as Vogel.“I enjoy it, all of us coaches, we’re still fans of the game, you know,” Vogel said. “We like to see the best go against the best, and these types of matchups that I’m fortunate to be a part of, get a front-row seat and hopefully can help our superstars beat their superstars.”Vogel got his wish: His 35-year-old forward/point guard scored 37 points, got to the free-throw line 15 times (making 12 foul shots), grabbed eight rebounds, and recorded seven assists and three steals to lead the Lakers (48-13) past Antetekounmpo’s squad, which was bothered by the Lakers’ length and unable to recover from a 31-17 disparity in free throws.Even in defeat, Antetekounmpo applauded James’ performance.“It’s always good playing against one of the best players in the league, like you can feel whenever you bring the ball down, whenever you go against him, you can feel greatness,” said Antetekounmpo, who remained in the game Friday despite his scary fall. “He’s gonna come at you and you gotta be ready to go, gotta be ready to fight against him. … At the end of the day, he’s gonna get his shots up, he’s gonna get his teammates involved. He’s LeBron James, what can you say?”Lakers forward LeBron James celebrates a 3-point basket during Friday’s 113-103 victory over the Milwaukee Bucks at Staples Center. (Photo by Scott Varley, Daily Breeze/SCNG) Lakers, Clippers schedules set for first round of NBA playoffs AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREUCLA alum Kenny Clark signs four-year contract extension with PackersOn Friday the 6-foot-11 power forward/point guard/small forward/shooting guard went 10 for 21 from the field and 11 for 14 from the free-throw line, grabbed 11 rebounds and added six assists and a steal – but the Bucks were outscored by 11 points when he was on the floor.On the other end, James – who was serenaded with “M-V-P” chants by a partisan crowd – asserted himself as if he wanted to spark, or perhaps settle, a debate.James entered Friday’s affair averaging 25.4 points, 7.8 rebounds and 10.7 assists per game and having led the Lakers back to the precipice of a playoff berth for the first time since 2013.Antetekounmpo showed up for work Friday averaging 29.6 points and 13.8 rebounds per game, his 3-point shooting having improved to 30.9 percent from 25.6 last season – helped a bit by his career-high five 3-pointers against the Lakers last time.“He’s lights out, in all ways,” Lakers coach Frank Vogel said pregame of the seventh-year star. “He keeps working on his 3-point shot and his ability to hurt you that way. He … puts a lot of pressure on your defense, (he’s) difficult to guard, great defensively one-on-one, great defensively in weak-side situations.
By Ken AdneyThere’s a truism in business – what you don’t spend, you don’t have to earn. Of course, there’s another contrary truism, you have to spend money to make money. I hate that. Fortunately, when it comes to making energy improvements, both turn out to be true.First, some background. My business, Furniture Works, is housed in a 6,000 square foot concrete vault built in 1936. The lighting was old metal halides and T12 florescents, hung willy-nilly from a 20 foot ceiling. The heat (there was no cooling) was supplied by two massive gas blowers. Here’s a given- it was expensive to heat in the winter and impossible to cool in the summer.The other coincidence is that Puget Sound Energy incentivizes energy saving.So I was delighted when I met Josh Cummings from Thurston Energy who told me that PSE would rebate 60% of the replacement of the lights (both labor and materials) with T8 fluorescents. The rebates come directly from PSE. Thurston Energy handled the bidding process for the job and US Electric came in with the lowest price and, lo and behold, it was a return on investment in just 1.4 years. Yep, I could get behind that.Next, we started looking at the rest of the building with Scott Bergford of the Northwest Energy Team. The roof leaked, so we knew that had to be done. By putting in new, more reflective torch-down, we could also reduce heat gain in the summer. It is boring to say, but we also reframed the windows and patched the air leaks in the building. Heating the building during the winter months no longer leaks outside.Then the gas blowers had to go (well, at least get turned off) so we installed a ductless pump. This is a rooftop compressor (in your home, it would go alongside the house) and 4 units inside: 2 floor mounted (Samsung) and 2 wall mounted (Fujitsu). A typical home would need just one or 2 wall mounted units. They’re electric (alas, no PSE rebate on these) but they’re cheaper to run and will provide cooling in the summer. Ductless is a bit of a misnomer because the inside units do need piping to run the coolant to them (from the compressor), but they don’t require the standard ductwork of a furnace. They also have built-in air filters, so the quality of air is continually improving and they are blissfully quiet and the quality of the heat is impressive.Then we repainted, inside and out, with a moisture proof paint that helps provide a better seal against air and water leaks. And we’re adding some awnings to keep the summer sun out. The building has single pane windows, far too expensive to replace with double panes, but there’s a new window film coming out that’s clear (so it won’t obstruct looking in or out of the windows) and it bounces the sunlight back out and the inside heat back in.So, where I am heading with all this? First, although it far easier to build green from the ground up, and there are marvelous technologies available now. It is nice to know that there are energy efficiencies that we can add to our homes or buildings, no matter how old or of what construction was originally used. Second, all it takes is some imagination (and a few bucks) to save money, get more comfortable, and reduce the size of footprint we make.Ken Adney of Furniture WorksKen Adney owns Furniture Works in downtown Olympia, selling an eclectic mix of gently used and new home furnishings. Facebook0Tweet0Pin0